Restitution is the monetary compensation owed to you (the victim), by the offender. As a victim on crime, you have the right to restitution from the offender when you have crime-related expenses.
There are two types of restitution: a Restitution Order and a Restitution Fine
A Restitution Order is an offender's debt to you as the victim. State law requires judges to order the offender to pay restitution in every case in which the victim has suffered an economic loss as a result of a crime.
A Restitution Fine is an offender's debt to society. State law requires judges to order the offender (adult or juvenile) to pay a restitution fine, set at the time of sentencing. For juveniles, the judge will require the offender to pay $0 to $100 for a misdemeanor and $100 to $1,000 for a felony. Adult offenders are required to pay $150 to $1,000 for a misdemeanor and $300 to $10,000 for a felony.
These fines go into the State's Restitution Fund, a crucial funding source for CalVCB, which helps victims pay for expenses resulting from eligible crimes. Fines are very important in assuring that the fund has enough money to help past, present and future victims.
The judge will need information from you about your losses in order to determine the correct amount for a restitution order. Restitution cannot be collected until a definite dollar amount is set. Every county has a Criminal Restitution Department, and the Criminal Restitution Specialist will work with you to calculate the correct amount of restitution owed to you and make sure the information gets to the judge.